Determining Physical Fitness for PPLOP Basketball Athletes in Central Java using Sport-specific Test and Measurement

Abstract

The level of physical condition can directly affect the team's success in winning the match. The purpose of this study is to implement sport-specific test and measurement related to basketball to investigate the level of fitness for basketball athletes in Central Java highschool basketball team (PPLOP). The total of 13 athletes were signed for this study. Methods used to collect data were test and measurement containing of the following 60-m sprint test, sprint fatigue test, maximum push up, one minute push up, beep test and V-sit. These are sequentially intended to measure speed, anaerobic endurance, upper extremity muscular endurance, abdominal muscular endurance, aerobic endurance, and flexibility. In addition, a different test was conducted using ANOVA technique to determine differences in physical conditions between starters and reserve players. The results suggested that generally the level of physical condition of PPLOP players is in good condition. However, the muscular endurance of the arms and shoulders requires an increase because the results are categorized as less. The significant difference in physical capacity between starters and reserve players was recorded only in the number of push ups (p <0.05) recorded. This research can be used as a reference for trainers in creating training programs and adopting the types of tests and measurements selected in this study as guidelines for physical measurement for basketball athletes.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdelkrim, N. Ben, El Fazaa, S., & Jaila, E. A. (2007). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(2), 69–75.

Abian-Vicen, J., Puente, C., Gonzalez-Millan, C., Areces, F., Munoz, G., & Del Coso, J. (2014). A caffeinated energy drink improves jump performance in adolescent basketball players. Amino Acids, 46(5), 1333–1341.

Alemdaroğlu, U. (2012). The relationship between muscle strength, anaerobic performance, agility, sprint ability and vertical jump performance in professional basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 31, 149–158.

American College of Sports Medicine. (2010). ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription (8th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

American College of Sports Medicine. (2018). ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription (10th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Amiri-Khorasani, M., & Kellis, E. (2015). Acute Effects of Different Agonist and Antagonist Stretching Arrangements on Static and Dynamic Range of Motion. Asian J Sports Med, 6(4), 1–6.

Arazi, H., Coetzee, B., & Asadi, A. (2012). Comparative effect of land and aquatic based plyometric training on the jumping ability and agility of young basketball players. S Afr Res Sport Phys Edu Rec, 34, 1–14.

Bangsbo, J., Graham, T., Johansen, L., & Saltin, B. (1994). Muscle lactate metabolism in recovery from intense exhaustive exercise: impact of light exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 77(4), 1890–1895.

Bompa, T. O., & Carrera, M. (2015). Conditioning Young Athletes. Human Kinetics.

Gurses, veli V., & Kamis, O. (2018). The Relationship Between Reaction Time and 60 m Performance in Elite Athletes. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(12), 64–69.

Klausemann, M. J., Pyne, D. ., Foster, C., & Drinkwater, E. . (2012). Optimising technical skills and physical loading in small-sided basketball games. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(14), 1463–1471.

Kuroda, Y., Suzuki, N., Dei, A., Umebayashi, K., Takizawa, K., & Mizuno, M. (2015). A Comparison of The Physical Fitness, Athletic Performance, and Competitive Achievements of Junior and Senior Tennis Players. Movement, Health & Exercise, 4(1), 39–50.

McInnes, S. ., Carlson, J. ., Jones, C. ., & McKenna, M. . (1995). The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of Sports Sciences, 13(5), 387–397.

McKeag, D. B. (2008). Handbook of Sports Medicine and Science, Basketball. (D. B. McKeag, Ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Morrow Jr, J. ., Mood, D., Disch, J., & Kang, M. (2015). Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance (5th ed.). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Nasution, A. (2014). Tingkat Kondisi Fisik Atlet Putra Tim Bolabasket SMAN 1 Driyorejo Kabupaten Gresik Tahun 2013. Jurnal Kesehatan Olahraga, 2(2), 86–97.

Nosa, S. A., & Faruk, M. (2013). Survei Tingkat Kebugaran Jasmani Pada Pemain Persatuan Sepakbola Indonesia Lumajang. Jurnal Prestasi Olahraga, 1(1), 1–8.

Permadi, A. G. (2017). Survey Tingkat Kondisi Fisik Atlet Bulutangkis PB. Pahlawan Sumenep. Jurnal Ilmiah Mandala Education, 3(2), 71–80.

Priambodo, A. (2013). Tingkat Kesegaran Jasmani Atlet Putra Bolabasket PPLP Jawa tengah Tahun 2013. Universitas Negeri semarang.

Puente, C., Abian-Vicen, J., Areces, F., Lopez, R., & Del Coso, J. (2017). Physical and Physiological Demands of Experienced Male Basketball Players During a Competitive Game. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(4), 956–962.

Semenick, D. (1990). Tests and measurements: The T-test. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 12(1), 36–37.

Shrier, I. (2004). Does stretching improve performance?: a systematic and critical review of the literature. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 14(5), 267–273.

Yutetsu, M., Hisashi, N., Yuji, O., Shizuo, K., & Junichiro, A. (2013). Effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching and Static Stretching on Maximal Voluntary Contraction. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(1), 192–201.

Zagatto, A., Beck, W., & Gobatto, C. (2009). Validity of the running anaerobic sprint test for assessing anaerobic power and predicting short-distance performances. J Strength Cond Res, 23(6), 1820–1827.

Zhannisa, U. H., & Sugiyanto, F. . (2015). Model tes fisik pencarian bakat olahraga bulutangkis usia di bawah 11 tahun di DIY. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 3(1), 117–126.

Published
2020-01-07
How to Cite
Syaukani, A. A., Subekti, N., & Sudarmanto, E. (2020). Determining Physical Fitness for PPLOP Basketball Athletes in Central Java using Sport-specific Test and Measurement. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 5(1), 66-74. https://doi.org/10.33222/juara.v5i1.779
Abstract viewed = 85 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times