Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Physical Activity and Student Achievement

  • Alan Alfiansyah Putra Karo Karo Sekolah Tinggi Olahraga dan Kesehatan Bina Guna
  • Dimas Arif Hidayat Sekolah Tinggi Olahraga dan Kesehatan Bina Guna
  • Ricky Fernando Pasaribu Sekolah Tinggi Olahraga dan Kesehatan Bina Guna
  • Firdo Aginta Silalahi Sekolah Tinggi Olahraga dan Kesehatan Bina Guna
  • Liliana Puspa Sari Sekolah Tinggi Olahraga dan Kesehatan Bina Guna


This COVID-19 pandemic situation is considered unfavourable for some parties due to several factors such as restrictions on activities outside the home and sometimes feeling overwhelmed with many tasks while at home. So the purpose of this research is to see the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on physical activity and student achievement. The subjects in this study were students who voluntarily filled out a questionnaire distributed through social media. A total of 124 respondents were collected. The 124 students were divided into five categories of levels of physical activity. There are 26 students in the shallow category, 67 students in the low class, 23 in the medium category, eight students in the high sort and 0 in the very high category. The intensity of physical activity during the pandemic in a week shows five students do not do physical activity at all a week, 74 students do one physical activity a week, 25 students do 2 or 3 times physical activity a week, ten students do 4 or 5 times physical activity a week, and ten students do 6 or 7 times of physical activity in a week. While the student achievement of 124 students seen as many as 98 students are in a complete category or the percentage of 79.03%, and as many as 26 students are in the incomplete category or the rate of 20.97%. The average value of student learning outcomes in physical education subjects is 80.60. Based on the study results, it can be concluded that students' physical activity during the COVID-19 period was included in the low category with an intensity level of physical activity once a week. The student achievement is at a high level of completeness

Keywords: Covid 19, Physical Activity, Learning Achievement


Download data is not yet available.


Barrett, S., Rodda, K., Begg, S., O’Halloran, P. D., & Kingsley, M. I. (2021). Exercise and COVID-19: reasons individuals sought coaching support to assist them to increase physical activity during COVID-19. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 45(2), 133–137.

Chen, P., Mao, L., Nassis, G. P., Harmer, P., Ainsworth, B. E., & Li, F. (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): The need to maintain regular physical activity while taking precautions. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9(2), 103–104.

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118(September), 105440.

Grida, M., Mohamed, R., & Zaied, A. N. H. (2020). Evaluate the impact of COVID-19 prevention policies on supply chain aspects under uncertainty. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 8, 100240.

Groeneveld, S., Tummers, L., Bronkhorst, B., Ashikali, T., & van Thiel, S. (2015). Quantitative methods in public administration: Their use and development through time. International Public Management Journal, 18(1), 61–86.

Hidayat, A. K. (2020). Implementation of Project-Based Learning in Physical Education During the Social Distancing Pandemic Covid -19. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 6(1), 1-10.

I Made Dwi Sastra Wargama, Soegiyanto, H. (2018). Semarang Citizens’ Culture And Psychosocial Behavior In Physical Activity At The Fitness Center. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 3(2).

Jarvis, C. I., van Zandvoort, K., Gimma, A., Prem, K., Klepac, P., Rubin, G. J., Edmunds, W. J., Auzenbergs, M., Medley, G., Funk, S., Pearson, C. A. B., Jit, M., Kucharski, A. J., Jombart, T., Knight, G., Eggo, R. M., Nightingale, E. S., Abbott, S., Hellewell, J., … Davies, N. (2020). Quantifying the impact of physical distance measures on the transmission of COVID-19 in the UK. MedRxiv, 2020.03.31.20049023-2020.03.31.20049023.

Khotimah, F. K., & Wahjuni, E. S. (2021). Aktivitas Fisik Siswa Sman 1 Driyorejo Gresik Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pendidikan Olahraga Dan Kesehatan, 09(01), 267–271.

Komarudin, & Subekti, B. H. (2021). Tingkat Kepuasan Peserta Didik Terhadap Pembelajaran Pjok Daring Level of Student Satisfaction Towards Characteristic Learning. Jambura Health and Sport Journal, 3(1), 16–23.

Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R., & Donen, R. M. (2004). The physical activity questionnaire for older children (PAQ-C) and adolescents (PAQ-A) manual. College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, 87(1), 1–38. papers://305a9bed-f721-4261-8df7-5414758c1624/Paper/p910

Lobelo, F., Muth, N. D., Hanson, S., Nemeth, B. A., LaBella, C. R., Brooks, M. A., Canty, G., Diamond, A. B., Hennrikus, W., Logan, K., Moffatt, K., Nemeth, B. A., Pengel, K. B., Peterson, A. R., Stricker, P. R., Bolling, C. F., Armstrong, S., Haemer, M. A., Muth, N. D., … Walsh, S. M. (2020). Physical activity assessment and counseling in pediatric clinical settings. Pediatrics, 145(3).

Mok, K. H., Xiong, W., Ke, G., & Cheung, J. O. W. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on international higher education and student mobility: Student perspectives from mainland China and Hong Kong. International Journal of Educational Research, 105(November 2020), 101718.

Mujiono, M., & Gazali, N. (2020). Literature review: Physical education in the covid-19 pandemic. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 6(1), 50-63.

Ngulube, P. (2015). Qualitative data analysis and interpretation: systematic search for meaning. Addressing Research Challenges: Making Headway for Developing Researchers, June, 131–156.

Peterson, R. A., & Merunka, D. R. (2014). Convenience samples of college students and research reproducibility. Journal of Business Research, 67(5), 1035–1041.

Pokhrel, S., & Chhetri, R. (2021). A Literature Review on Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Teaching and Learning. Higher Education for the Future, 8(1), 133–141.

Riadnya, I. M. N., Adi, I. P. P., & Satyawan, I. M. (2021). Dampak Covid-19 Terhadap Motivasi Belajar Daring PJOK SMP Negeri 12 Denpasar Tahun Pelajaran 2020 / 2021. 9(1), 1–10.

Sutapa, P., Prasetyo, Y., Pratama, K. W., Karakauki, M., Mustapha, A., Idrus, S. Z. S., & Sutapa, P. (2020). Motor Development Index (MDI) Based on Combination of Human Development Index (HDI) and Sport Development Index (SDI) as a Success Parameter of Motor Development among Preschool Children: An Observational Study. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(3).

Ursachi, G., Horodnic, I. A., & Zait, A. (2015). How Reliable are Measurement Scales? External Factors with Indirect Influence on Reliability Estimators. Procedia Economics and Finance, 20(15), 679–686.

Wicaksono, G., & Djamil, M. (2020). Effectiveness of Cold Compress with Ice Gel on Pain Intensity among Patients with Post Percutaneous Coronary Intervention ( PCI ). International Journal of Nursing and Health Services, 3(6), 680–686.

Zoumpourlis, V., Goulielmaki, M., Rizos, E., Baliou, S., & Spandidos, D. A. (2020). The COVID‑19 pandemic as a scientific and social challenge in the 21st century. Molecular Medicine Reports, 22(4), 3035–3048.

How to Cite
Karo Karo, A. A. P., Hidayat, D. A., Pasaribu, R. F., Silalahi, F. A., & Sari, L. P. (2022). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Physical Activity and Student Achievement. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 7(2), 398-407.
Abstract viewed = 388 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times