Effects of Tele-Exercise and Nutrition Tele-Counselling on Fitness Level of Obese Employee during COVID-19 Pandemic Time

  • Mury Kuswari Universitas Esa unggul https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2918-2835
  • Rimbawan Rimbawan Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Mira Dewi Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Nazhif Gifari Universitas Esa Unggul


The unhealthy Lifestyle of office employees may affect cardiovascular disease risk and other chronic illnesses. In this ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, there’s a decrease in physical activity and exercise intensity in-office employees, while increasing psychological stress may reduce physical fitness. One of the solutions to these problems is by implementing tele-counseling and tele-exercise technology. The purpose of this study is to test the effects of tele-exercise and tele-counseling intervention against obese employees’ fitness levels. This study uses a pre-post-test quasi-experimental design on one group without a control group, with subjects consisting of males and females with BMI 25-30 kg/m2. Subjects received tele-exercise intervention for 30 minutes per session, three sessions per week for 12 weeks, while tele-counseling was done by Zoom and WhatsApp every day. Fitness tests include 1-minute push-up and sit-up count, sit-and-reach, and bleep test. Subjects experience significant improvement on all aspects of fitness level (strength, flexibility, and cardiorespiratory fitness), with the most significant improvement being flexibility. This study proves that tele-exercise and nutrition tele-counseling is an effective program to improve obese employees’ wellness. Moreover, this method is a good alternative for substituting direct, face-to-face exercise and nutrition counseling in this pandemic time.

Keywords: fitness, pandemic, tele-exercise, nutrition, tele-counseling


Download data is not yet available.


Almandoz, J. P., Xie, L., Schellinger, J. N., Mathew, M. S., Gazda, C., Ofori, A., Kukreja, S., & Messiah, S. E. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on weight-related behaviours among patients with obesity. Clinical Obesity, 10(5), e12386.

Ardavani, A., Aziz, H., Smith, K., Atherton, P. J., Phillips, B. E., & Idris, I. (2020). The effects of very low energy diets and low energy diets with exercise training on skeletal muscle mass: a narrative review. Advances in Therapy, 1–15.

Avissa, A., Kuswari, M., Nuzrina, R., Gifari, N., & Melani, V. (2021). Pengaruh Program Latihan Olahraga dan Edukasi Gizi Terhadap Komposisi Tubuh, Lingkar Perut dan Lingkar Panggul pada Wanita Usia Produktif di Depok. Physical Activity Journal (PAJU), 2(2), 176–192.

Ayala, F., de Baranda, P. S., Croix, M. D. S., & Santonja, F. (2011). Criterion-related validity of four clinical tests used to measure hamstring flexibility in professional futsal players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 12(4), 175–181.

Barene, S., Holtermann, A., Oseland, H., Brekke, O.-L., & Krustrup, P. (2016). Effects on muscle strength, maximal jump height, flexibility and postural sway after soccer and Zumba exercise among female hospital employees: a 9-month randomised controlled trial. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(19), 1849–1858.

Barene, S., Krustrup, P., Brekke, O. L., & Holtermann, A. (2014). Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees: a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(16), 1539–1549.

Barene, S., Krustrup, P., Jackman, S. R., Brekke, O. L., & Holtermann, A. (2014). Do soccer and Z umba exercise improve fitness and indicators of health among female hospital employees? A 12-week RCT. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 24(6), 990–999.

Barranco-Ruiz, Y., & Villa-González, E. (2020). Health-related physical fitness benefits in sedentary women employees after an exercise intervention with Zumba Fitness®. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2632.

Bauman, A. E., Reis, R. S., Sallis, J. F., Wells, J. C., Loos, R. J. F., Martin, B. W., Group, L. P. A. S. W., & others. (2012). Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? The Lancet, 380(9838), 258–271.

Behm, D. G., & Chaouachi, A. (2011). A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(11), 2633–2651.

Borak, J. (2011). Obesity and the workplace. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 61(4), 220–222.

Chen, H.-H., Chen, H.-L., Lin, Y.-T., Lin, C.-W., Ho, C.-C., Lin, H.-Y., & Lee, P.-F. (2021). The Associations between Functional Fitness Test Performance and Abdominal Obesity in Healthy Elderly People: Results from the National Physical Fitness Examination Survey in Taiwan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(1), 264.

D.edel.e, A., Miškinyt.e, A. e, Andrušaityt.e, S., & Bartkut.e, Ž. e. (2019). Perceived stress among different occupational groups and the interaction with sedentary behaviour. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(23), 4595.

Do, K., Brown, R. E., Wharton, S., Ardern, C. I., & Kuk, J. L. (2018). Association between cardiorespiratory fitness and metabolic risk factors in a population with mild to severe obesity. BMC Obesity, 5(1), 1–6.

Eklund, D., Häkkinen, A., Laukkanen, J. A., Balandzic, M., Nyman, K., & Häkkinen, K. (2016). Fitness, body composition and blood lipids following 3 concurrent strength and endurance training modes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(7), 767–774.

Flahr, H., Brown, W. J., & Kolbe-alexander, T. L. (2018). Review article A systematic review of physical activity-based interventions in shift. Preventive Medicine Reports, 10(March), 323–331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.04.004

Gifari, N., Kuswari, M., Nuzrina, R., Pratiwi, P., Wulandari, F., Avissa, A., Kuswari, M., Nuzrina, R., Gifari, N., Melani, V., Martianto, D., Kuswari, M., others, Gifari, N., & Nuzrina, R. (2021). Pengaruh latihan dan konseling gizi terhadap perubahan status gizi dewasa obesitas. Ilmu Gizi Indonesia, 4(2), 107–116.

Goettler, A., Grosse, A., & Sonntag, D. (2017). Productivity loss due to overweight and obesity: a systematic review of indirect costs. BMJ Open, 7(10), e014632.

Gray, C. L., Messer, L. C., Rappazzo, K. M., Jagai, J. S., Grabich, S. C., & Lobdell, D. T. (2018). The association between physical inactivity and obesity is modified by five domains of environmental quality in US adults: A cross-sectional study. PLoS One, 13(8), e0203301.

Grimani, A., Aboagye, E., & Kwak, L. (2019). The effectiveness of workplace nutrition and physical activity interventions in improving productivity, work performance and workability: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1–12.

Henriksson, H., Henriksson, P., Tynelius, P., Ekstedt, M., Berglind, D., Labayen, I., Ruiz, J. R., Lavie, C. J., & Ortega, F. B. (2020). Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and obesity in adolescence and later chronic disability due to cardiovascular disease: a cohort study of 1 million men. European Heart Journal, 41(15), 1503–1510.

Karavirta, L., Häkkinen, A., Sillanpää, E., Garc’ia-López, D., Kauhanen, A., Haapasaari, A., Alen, M., Pakarinen, A., Kraemer, W. J., Izquierdo, M., & others. (2011). Effects of combined endurance and strength training on muscle strength, power and hypertrophy in 40--67-year-old men. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 21(3), 402–411.

Kuswari, M., Handayani, F., Gifari, N., & Nuzrina, R. (2020). Relationship of Energy Intake, Macro and Micro Nutrients to Physical Fitness of Athletes of Dyva Taekwondo Centre Cibinong. JUARA: Jurnal Olahraga, 5(1), 19–30.

Kuswari, M., Rimbawan, R., Dewi, M., & Gifari, N. (2021). Effect of tele-exercise versus combination of tele-exercise with tele-counseling on obese office employee’s weight loss. Arsip Gizi Dan Pangan). 2021, 6(2), 131–139. https://doi.org/10.22236/argipa.v6i2.7710

Lee, I.-M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Group, L. P. A. S. W., & others. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The Lancet, 380(9838), 219–229.

Lee, P.-F., Ho, C.-C., Kan, N.-W., Yeh, D.-P., Chang, Y.-C., Li, Y.-J., Tseng, C.-Y., Hsieh, X.-Y., & Chiu, C.-H. (2020). The association between physical fitness performance and abdominal obesity risk among Taiwanese adults: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1722.

Lidegaard, M., Søgaard, K., Krustrup, P., Holtermann, A., & Korshøj, M. (2018). Effects of 12 months aerobic exercise intervention on work ability, need for recovery, productivity and rating of exertion among cleaners: a worksite RCT. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 91(2), 225–235.

Lin, Y.-T., Lee, P.-F., Lee, T.-S., & Ho, C.-C. (2020). Poor physical fitness performance as a predictor of general adiposity in Taiwanese adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2686.

Lindberg, C. M., Srinivasan, K., Gilligan, B., Razjouyan, J., Lee, H., Najafi, B., Mehl, M. R., Currim, F., Ram, S., Lunden, M. M., & others. (2018). Effects of office workstation type on physical activity and stress. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75(10), 689–695.

Miculis, C. P., de Campos, W., Gasparotto, G. S., Silva, M. P., Mascarenhas, L. P., & Boguszewski, M. C. S. (2012). Correlation of cardiorespiratory fitness with risk factors for cardiovascular disease in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 26(5), 419–423.

Miller, C. T., Fraser, S. F., Selig, S. E., Rice, T., Grima, M., van den Hoek, D. J., Ika Sari, C., Lambert, G. W., & Dixon, J. B. (2020). Fitness, Strength and Body Composition during Weight Loss in Women with Clinically Severe Obesity: A Randomised Clinical Trial. Obesity Facts, 13(4), 307–321. https://doi.org/10.1159/000506643

Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., Goodman, T., Clark, A. L., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (2018). Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR Study. Sports Medicine-Open, 4(1), 1–11.

Qin, F., Song, Y., Nassis, G. P., Zhao, L., Cui, S., Lai, L., Wu, Z., Xu, M., Qu, C., Dong, Y., & others. (2020). Prevalence of insufficient physical activity, sedentary screen time and emotional well-being during the early days of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in China: a national cross-sectional study.

Saunders, D. H., Sanderson, M., Hayes, S., Johnson, L., Kramer, S., Carter, D. D., Jarvis, H., Brazzelli, M., & Mead, G. E. (2020). Physical fitness training for stroke patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3.

Schwingshackl, L., Dias, S., & Hoffmann, G. (2014). Impact of long-term lifestyle programmes on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese participants: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, 3(1), 1–13.

Sjøgaard, G., Christensen, J. R., Justesen, J. B., Murray, M., Dalager, T., Fredslund, G. H., & Søgaard, K. (2016). Exercise is more than medicine: The working age population’s well-being and productivity. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 5(2), 159–165.

Tarro, L., Llauradó, E., Ulldemolins, G., Hermoso, P., & Solà, R. (2020). Effectiveness of workplace interventions for improving absenteeism, productivity, and work ability of employees: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 1901.

Ten Velde, G., Lubrecht, J., Arayess, L., van Loo, C., Hesselink, M., Reijnders, D., & Vreugdenhil, A. (2021). Physical activity behaviour and screen time in Dutch children during the COVID-19 pandemic: Pre-, during-and post-school closures. Pediatric Obesity, e12779.

Tiksnadi, B. B., Sylviana, N., Cahyadi, A. I., & Undarsa, A. C. (2020). Olahraga Rutin Untuk Meningkatkan Imunitas Pasien Hipertensi Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Indonesian Journal of Cardiology, 41(2), 113–119.

Tseng, H. M., Lee, S. J., Tseng, R. F., & others. (2013). The Effectiveness of an Aerobic Exercise Intervention on Worksite Health-related Physical Fitness, ACase in a High-tech Company. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), 4, 100–106.

Vandelanotte, C., Duncan, M. J., Kolt, G. S., Caperchione, C. M., Savage, T. N., Van Itallie, A., Oldmeadow, C., Alley, S. J., Tague, R., Maeder, A. J., & others. (2019). More real-world trials are needed to establish if web-based physical activity interventions are effective. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(24), 1553–1554.

Wagner, B. E., Folk, A. L., Hahn, S. L., Barr-Anderson, D. J., Larson, N., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2021). Recreational screen time behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US: A mixed-methods study among a diverse population-based sample of emerging adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4613.

Wedell-Neergaard, A.-S., Krogh-Madsen, R., Petersen, G. L., Hansen, Å. M., Pedersen, B. K., Lund, R., & Bruunsgaard, H. (2018). Cardiorespiratory fitness and the metabolic syndrome: roles of inflammation and abdominal obesity. PloS One, 13(3), e0194991.

Winnick, J. P., & Porretta, D. L. (2016). Adapted physical education and sport. Human Kinetics.

World Health Organization. (2020). Physical activity. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity

World Health Organization. (2021). Cardiovascular Disease. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)

Zahtamal, Z., Prabandari, Y. S., & Setyawati, L. (2014). Prevalensi sindrom metabolik pada pekerja perusahaan. Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional (National Public Health Journal), 9(2), 113–120.

How to Cite
Kuswari, M., Rimbawan, R., Hardinsyah, H., Dewi, M., & Gifari, N. (2021). Effects of Tele-Exercise and Nutrition Tele-Counselling on Fitness Level of Obese Employee during COVID-19 Pandemic Time. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 7(1), 138-150. https://doi.org/10.33222/juara.v7i1.1446
Abstract viewed = 573 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times